「Cambridge IELTS 13」Reading Test3-1『The Coconut palm』の単語・フレーズ

「Cambridge IELTS 13」Reading Test3-1『The Coconut palm』の単語・フレーズ

「Cambridge IELTS 13」Reading Test3-1『The Coconut palm』の単語・フレーズをまとめました。

私がIELTS Readingの単語・まとめを行う理由は「Cambridge IELTS Reading単語・フレーズまとめ」からご覧ください。

Reading Test 3 Passage 1:The Coconut palm

  • exotic
    UK /ɪɡˈzɒt·ɪk/ US /ɪɡˈzɑ·t̬ɪk/
    unusual, interesting, and often foreign
  • merchant
    UK /ˈmɜː·tʃənt/ US /ˈmɜr·tʃənt/
    someone whose job is buying and selling goods, usually in large amounts
  • palm-fringed
    UK /ˈpɑːm.frɪndʒd/ US /ˈpɑːm.frɪndʒd/
    with palm trees along the edge
  • cliché
    noun [ C or U ]
    UK /ˈkliː.ʃeɪ/ US /kliːˈʃeɪ/
    a saying or remark that is very often made and is therefore not original and not interesting:
    決まり文句, 常套(じょうとう) 句, 陳腐な表現[考え]
  • envisage
    verb [ T ] formal
    UK /ɪnˈvɪz.ɪdʒ/ US /ɪnˈvɪz.ɪdʒ/
    to imagine or expect something in the future, especially something good:
    to form a mental picture of something or someone you have never seen:
    <未来など> を心に描く, 予想する
    it is envisaged that
    同意 envision 米
  • cannonball
    noun [ C ]
    UK /ˈkæn.ən.bɔːl/ US /ˈkæn.ən.bɔːl/
    a heavy metal or stone ball shot from a cannon
    砲弾, 砲丸
  • slender
    UK /ˈslen.dər/ US /ˈslen.dɚ/
    ・thin and delicate, often in a way that is attractive:
    ・small in amount or degree:
    1 <体などが> すらりとした, ほっそりした
    2 《通例名の前で》 (木・柱などが) ほっそりとした, 細長い
    3 《通例名の前で》 (試合のリード・収入などが) わずかな
  • surmount
    verb [ T ] formal
    UK /səˈmaʊnt/ US /sɚˈmaʊnt/
    ・to deal successfully with a difficulty or problem:
    ・to be on top of something tall:
    1 <問題・困難など> を克服する 同意 overcome
    2 《通例受け身形で》 …の上[頂上]にある
  • rosette
    noun [ C ]
    UK /rəʊˈzet/ US /roʊˈzet/
    a flower-shaped decorative object cut into wood or stone, or one made of ribbon (= narrow cloth strips) worn as a sign that you support a particular team or political party or that you have won a race, etc.:
    1 バラ形の飾り, (建築の) バラ形装飾
    2 〘専門〙 ロゼット ((タンポポのように茎の付け根から放射状に伸びる葉))
    3 英 (勝者・支持者などが着ける) リボン
  • vein
    UK /veɪn/ US /veɪn/
    ・a tube that carries blood to the heart from the other parts of the body
    ・a narrow layer of a substance that forms in or fills a crack in rock:
    ・a particular quality or characteristic:
    ・a style or a temporary mood:
    1 Image of vein《C》 静脈, (一般に) 血管
    • the jugular vein
    頸(けい) 静脈
    → artery
    2 《C》 葉脈
    3 《C》 (昆虫の) 翅脈(しみゃく)
    4 《C》 (大理石などの) 縞目(しまめ), 石目
    5 《C》 (チーズの) 縞(しま)
    6 《C》 鉱脈
    7 in a … vein
    …な傾向で, …な調子で
    8 《常に単数形で》 供給源, 資源
    a vein of something
    <…>の供給源, 資源
  • brush
    UK /brʌʃ/ US /brʌʃ/
    ・to touch (something) quickly and lightly or carelessly:
    ・to move something somewhere using a brush or your hand:
    ・to clean something or make something smooth with a brush:
    1 《他》 …にブラシをかける, をほうきで掃く
    2 《T always + adverb/preposition》 <ほこりなど> を(ブラシで)払う, <涙> をぬぐう
    3 《T always + adverb/preposition》 brush something on
    4 a) 《I always + adverb/preposition》 brush against somebody / something
    b) 《他》 …を軽くかすめる
  • strip away [句動詞]
    1 strip something ↔ away <覆っている物>をはがす
    2 strip away something <うわべなど>をはぎ取る, <うそ・不要なものなど>を取り除く
  • immature
    UK /ˌɪm.əˈtʃʊər/ US /ˌɪm.əˈtʊr/
    ・not behaving in a way that is as calm and wise as people expect from someone of your age:
    ・not having much experience of something:
    ・not yet completely grown or developed:
    1 〘けなして〙 未熟な, 大人になっていない 反意 mature
    2 <動植物が> 未成熟な 反意 mature
  • cluster
    verb [ I usually + adv/prep ]
    UK /ˈklʌs.tər/ US /ˈklʌs.tɚ/
    (of a group of similar things or people) to form a group, sometimes by surrounding something, or to make something do this:
    1 《I always + adverb/preposition》 <人が> 群がる, 群れを成す
    2 《他》 …を集めてひとかたまりにする, (一か所に)まとめる
    be clustered together
  • tap
    UK /tæp/ US /tæp/
    ・to hit something gently, and often repeatedly, especially making short, sharp noises:
    ・to touch the screen of a phone, tablet computer, etc. in order to give an instruction for something to happen :
    ・to get or make use of something:
    ・to use a small device attached to a phone in order to listen secretly to what people are saying:
    1 a) 《他》 …を軽くたたく, トントン[コツコツ]たたく
    b) 《自》 tap on / at something
    2 《自》 tap on / against something
    3 《他》 <資金・エネルギーなど> を活用する, 生かす
    同意 tap into
    4 《他》 <能力など> を活用する
    同意 tap into
    5 《他》 <電話など> を盗聴する
    6 《他》 <木> に傷をつけて樹液を採る
    7 《他》 米 (仕事などで) <人> を指名する
    8 《他》 英 〘インフォーマル〙 tap somebody for something
  • sap
    verb [ T ]
    UK /sæp/ US /sæp/
    to make someone weaker or take away strength or an important quality from someone, especially over a long period of time:
    <体力・気力など> を弱らせる, 奪う
    sap somebody’s strength / energy
    sap somebody’s confidence / will
    同意 weaken
  • weigh
    UK /weɪ/ US /weɪ/
    ・to have a heaviness of a stated amount, or to measure the heaviness of an object:
    ・(of something such as a fact or an event) to have an influence or be important:
    ・to carefully consider, especially by comparing facts or possibilities, in order to make a decision:
    1 《連結動詞》 重さが…である, 目方が…だけある
    2 《他》 …の重さ[体重]を計る
    3 《他》 …を比較検討する, 吟味する
    同意 weigh up 英
    4 《I always + adverb/preposition》 〘フォーマル〙 weigh against somebody / something
    weigh with somebody
  • outer
    adjective [ before noun ]
    UK /ˈaʊ.tər/ US /ˈaʊ.t̬ɚ/
    at a greater distance from the centre:
    1 外(側)の
    反意 inner
    2 (あるものよりも) はずれにある, (中心から) 遠く離れた
    3 外面的な
    反意 inner
  • fibrous
    UK /ˈfaɪ.brəs/ US /ˈfaɪ.brəs/
    ・made of fibres, or like fibre
    ・Food that is fibrous contains fibre.
    《通例名の前で》 繊維の, 繊維質[性]の, 繊維状の
  • woody
    UK /ˈwʊd.i/ US /ˈwʊd.i/
    ・like wood, for example in taste or smell
    ・having many trees:
    1 《通例名の前で》 (植物が) 木本の, (茎などが) 木質の
    2 <香り・音などが> 木の(ような)
    3 《通例名の前で》 (地域が) 樹木の茂った, 森林の(多い)
  • innermost
    adjective [ before noun ]
    UK /ˈɪn.ə.məʊst/ US /ˈɪn.ɚ.moʊst/
    ・most secret and hidden:
    ・nearest to the centre:
    1 (感情・欲望などが) 内に秘めた, 心の奥底にある
    2 〘フォーマル〙 最も内部の, いちばん奥の 反意 outermost
  • prominent
    UK /ˈprɒm.ɪ.nənt/ US /ˈprɑː.mə.nənt/
    ・very well known and important:
    ・sticking out from a surface:
    1 著名な, 有力な, 重要な
    2 関心の高い, 注目すべき, 目立った
    3 よく目立つ
    4 <鼻が> 高い, <歯・ほお骨などが> 突き出た
  • charcoal
    noun [ U ]
    UK /ˈtʃɑː.kəʊl/ US /ˈtʃɑːr.koʊl/
    a hard, black substance similar to coal that can be used as fuel or, in the form of sticks, as something to draw with:
    1 《C, U》 木炭
    2 《C, U》 (デッサン用の) 木炭
    3 《U》 (charcoal gray とも) 黒みを帯びた灰色
  • nutrient
    noun [ C ]
    UK /ˈnjuː.tri.ənt/ US /ˈnuː.tri.ənt/
    any substance that plants or animals need in order to live and grow:
  • endosperm
    noun [ U ] BIOLOGY specialized
    UK /ˈen.dəʊ.spɜːm/ US /ˈen.doʊ.spɝːm/
    the substance inside a plant seed that surrounds and provides food for the embryo as it develops
  • derivative
    noun [ C ] LANGUAGE
    UK /dɪˈrɪv.ɪ.tɪv/ US /dɪˈrɪv.ə.t̬ɪv/
    ・a form of something, such as a word, made or developed from another form:
    ・a financial product such as an option (= the right to buy or sell something in the future) that has a value based on the value of another product, such as shares or bonds
    1 (別の物質から) 採取したもの, 誘導体
    2 派生物
    3 derivatives 《常に複数形で》 デリバティブ, 金融派生商品
  • glycerine
    noun [ U ] (US also glycerin)
    UK /ˈɡlɪs.ər.iːn/ /ˈɡlɪs.ər.ɪn/ US /ˈɡlɪs.ɚ.riːn/ /ˈɡlɪs.ɚ.rɪn/
    a sweet, thick, clear liquid used in making explosives and medicines and for making food sweet
  • nitroglycerine
    noun [ U ]
    UK /ˌnaɪ.trəʊˈɡlɪs.ər.iːn/ US /ˌnaɪ.troʊˈɡlɪs.ɚ.iːn/
    a very powerful liquid explosive
    ニトログリセリン ((爆薬・医薬品の成分となる化合物))
  • dynamite
    noun [ U ]
    UK /ˈdaɪ.nə.maɪt/ US /ˈdaɪ.nə.maɪt/
    a type of explosive:
    something that causes or may cause great shock or excitement:
    1 ダイナマイト
    2 面倒[騒動]を起こしそうな人, 危険をはらんだもの
    3 〘やや古〙 すごい人[もの]
  • maritime
    adjective formal
    UK /ˈmær.ɪ.taɪm/ US /ˈmer.ə.taɪm/
    ・connected with human activity at sea:
    ・near the sea or coast:
    1 海の, 海事の
    2 沿海の
  • voyager
    noun [ C ]
    UK /ˈvɔɪ.ɪ.dʒər/ US /ˈvɔɪ.ɪ.dʒɚ/
    a person who goes on a long and sometimes dangerous journey:
    〘文〙 航海者, (船・飛行機などでの) 旅行者
  • colonizers
    植民地開拓者, 入植者
  • germinate
    UK /ˈdʒɜː.mɪ.neɪt/ US /ˈdʒɝː.mə.neɪt/
    ・to (cause a seed to) start growing:
    ・to start developing:
    1 a) 《自》 発芽する
    b) 《他》 …を発芽させる
    2 《自》 <考え・感情などが> 芽生える
  • glare
    UK /ɡleər/ US /ɡler/
    ・a long, angry look:
    ・unpleasantly bright or strong light:
    1 《U, a/the ~》 まぶしい光, ぎらぎらした光
    2 the glare of something
    3 《C》 にらみつけること
  • air pocket
    noun [ C ]
    UK /ˈeə ˌpɒk.ɪt/ US /ˈer ˌpɑː.kɪt/
    an area in the sky where the air is flowing differently from the way it is in the surrounding parts. Air pockets can sometimes cause aircraft to go up or down suddenly.
    エアポケット ((飛行機の急降下を引き起こす下方向の気流))
  • embryo
    noun [ C ]
    UK /ˈem.bri.əʊ/ US /ˈem.bri.oʊ/
    an animal that is developing either in its mother’s womb or in an egg, or a plant that is developing in a seed:
    1 胎児
    → fetus
    2 初期の段階
    in embryo
  • diametrically
    UK /ˌdaɪ.əˈmet.rɪ.kəl.i/ US /ˌdaɪ.əˈmet.rɪ.kəl.i/
    <意見・考えなどが> 正反対の, まったく逆の
  • intriguing
    UK /ɪnˈtriː.ɡɪŋ/ US /ɪnˈtriː.ɡɪŋ/
    very interesting because of being unusual or mysterious:
    興味[好奇心]をそそる, おもしろい
  • disperse
    verb [ I or T ]
    UK /dɪˈspɜːs/ US /dɪˈspɝːs/
    to spread across or move away over a large area, or to make something do this:
    1 a) 《自》 <群集・デモ参加者などが> 散り散りになる, 解散する
    b) 《他》 …を追い散らす
    2 a) 《自》 消え散る
    b) 《他》 …を消え散らせる
    3 《他》 〘専門〙 (物理学で) <光> を分光する
    4 《他》 〘専門〙 (化学で) <粒子> を分散させる


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