「Cambridge IELTS 8」Reading Test 1-2『AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL IN THE USA』の単語・フレーズ

「Cambridge IELTS 8」Reading Test 1-2『AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL IN THE USA』の単語・フレーズをまとめました。

私がIELTS Readingの単語・まとめを行う理由は「Cambridge IELTS Reading単語・フレーズまとめ」からご覧ください。


  • aircraft
    noun /ˈeə.krɑːft/
    any vehicle, with or without an engine, that can fly, such as a plane or helicopter


  • congested
    adjective ​ /kənˈdʒes.tɪd/
    ・too blocked or crowded and causing difficulties
    ・Congested roads and towns have too much traffic and movement is made difficult.
    ・If you are or your nose is congested, you cannot breathe through your nose because it is blocked, usually during an infection.
    ・Congested lungs or other body parts have become too full of blood or other liquid.
    1 混雑した, 密集した, 渋滞した
    2 鼻水が詰まった, 痰(たん) がからんだ


  • rudimentary
    adjective ​ /ˌruː.dɪˈmen.tər.i/​
    ・Rudimentary methods, equipment, systems, or body parts are simple and not very well developed
    1 <知識・理解などが> 基本的な, 初歩的な
    同意 basic 反意 sophisticated
    2 原始的な
    3 未発達の


  • vicinity
    noun /vɪˈsɪn.ə.ti/ ​
    the area around a place or where the speaker is
    付近, 近辺


  • beacons
    noun​ /ˈbiː.kən/
    a light or fire on the top of a hill that acts as a warning or signal
    1 (警告・案内などのための) 信号灯, ビーコン
    2 無線標識, ラジオビーコン ((航空機・船舶が位置・方向を確認する無線信号またはその装置))3 〘文〙 指針となる人, 光明
    4 かがり火, のろし


  • metropolitan
    adjective /ˌmet.rəˈpɒl.ɪ.tən/
    relating to a large city
    1 大都市の
    2 (植民地に対して) 本国の


  • advent
    noun [ S ] /ˈæd.vent/​
    the fact of an event happening, an invention being made, or a person arriving
    用法:the advent of something
    <…>の出現, 到来


  • fortuitous
    adjective UK ​ /fɔːˈtʃuː.ɪ.təs/
    (of something that is to your advantage) not planned, happening by chance
    思いがけない, 偶然の


  • margin of error
    an extra amount of something, such as time or money, that you allow because there might be a mistake in your calculations


  • incomplete
    adjective UK ​ /ˌɪn.kəmˈpliːt/
    not having some parts, or not finished:
    1 <情報・理解などが> 不完全な, 不十分な
    2 <作品などが> 未完成の 同意 unfinished


  • depart
    verb [ I ] UK ​ /dɪˈpɑːt/
    to go away or leave, especially on a journey:
    1 a) 《自》 <人・乗り物が> 出発する
    b) 《他》 <場所> を出発する
    2 a) 《他》 <組織・職など> を去る, 辞める
    b) 《自》 辞める


  • be bound (by something)
    having a leagal duty to do something
    (<法律・契約など>に)拘束されている, 従わなければならない


  • recreational
    adjective UK ​ /ˌrek.riˈeɪ.ʃən.əl/ ​
    connected with ways of enjoying yourself when you are not working:


  • reliance
    noun /rɪˈlaɪ.əns/
    the state of depending on or trusting in something or someone
    《U, a/the ~》 依存


  • on a clear day


  • devise
    verb [ T ] UK ​ /dɪˈvaɪz/ ​
    to invent a plan, system, object, etc., usually using your intelligence or imagination:
    …を考案する, 案出する


  • aviation
    noun [ U ] /ˌeɪ.viˈeɪ.ʃən/​
    the activity of flying aircraft, or of designing, producing, and keeping them in good condition:
    《U》 飛行, 航空


  • turboprop
    noun [ C ] UK ​ /ˈtɜː.bəʊ.prɒp/
    a turbine used as an aircraft engine that provides most force for movement by turning a propeller, or an aircraft driven by this type of engine
    1 ターボプロップエンジン
    2 ターボプロップ機


  • realm
    noun [ C ] UK ​ /relm/
    an area of interest or activity
    1 〘書き言葉〙 (知識・思想などの) 領域, 分野, 世界
    2 〘文〙 王国


  • correspond
    verb [ I ] UK ​ /ˌkɒr.ɪˈspɒnd/ ​
    to match or be similar or equal:
    1 一致する, 対応する
    2 correspond to something
    3 文通する


  • municipal
    adjective UK ​ /mjuːˈnɪs.ɪ.pəl/ ​
    of or belonging to a town or city
    市[町]の, 地方自治(体)の


  • encompass
    verb [ T ] UK ​ /ɪnˈkʌm.pəs/
    to include different types of things
    1 <考え・話題など> を包含する
    2 <場所などが> …(の範囲)に及ぶ, を含む


  • rigorous
    adjective UK ​ /ˈrɪɡ.ər.əs/
    approving careful to look at or consider every part of something to make certain it is correct or safe:
    1 <検査・調査などが> 厳密な, 厳正な
    2 厳しい, 厳格な


  • explicit
    adjective UK ​ /ɪkˈsplɪs.ɪt/
    ・clear and exact:
    ・showing or talking about sex or violence in a very detailed way:
    1 <指示などが> 明確な, はっきりした
    2 <性・暴力描写などが> 露骨な


  • clearance
    noun UK ​ /ˈklɪə.rəns/
    ・the process of removing waste or things you do not want from a place
    ・an occasion when people are forced to move away from the area where they live permanently
    1 《U》 許可, 認可
    2 《U》 間隔, 空き, ゆとり
    3 《C, U》 (政府・軍などによる) 秘密情報利用許可, 特殊行動許可
    4 《U》 (航空機の) 離着陸許可
    5 《U》 (小切手の) 清算, 決済


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