「Cambridge IELTS 12」Reading Test 8-3『UK companies need more effective boards of directions』の単語・フレーズ


Reading Test 8-3『UK companies need more effective boards of directions』の単語・フレーズをまとめました。

私がIELTS Readingの単語・まとめを行う理由は「Cambridge IELTS Reading単語・フレーズまとめ」からご覧ください。

Reading Test 8-3『UK companies need more effective boards of directions』

  • financial meltdown
  • prolonged period
  • prolonged
    adjective /prəˈlɒŋd/
    continuing for a long time:
    長引く, 長期に及ぶ
  • downturn
    noun /ˈdaʊn.tɜːn/
    a reduction in the amount or success of something, such as a country’s economic activity:
    (景気の) 後退, (生産の) 減少, 落ち込み
  • auditor
    noun /ˈɔː.dɪt.ər/
    someone whose job is to carry out an official examination of the accounts of a business and to produce a report:
    1 会計検査官, 監査役
    2 米 (大学の) 聴講生
  • publicize
    verb /ˈpʌb.lɪ.saɪz/
    to make information about something generally available:
    <製品・イベントなど> を宣伝[広告]する, <情報など> を公表する
  • knock-on effect
  • scrutiny
    noun /ˈskruː.tɪ.ni/
    the careful and detailed examination of something in order to get information about it:
    精査, 詳細な吟味
  • agenda
    ・a list of matters to be discussed at a meeting:
    ・a list of aims or possible future achievements:
    ・a secret aim or reason for doing something:
    1 行動指針, 政策
    2 課題, 問題点
    3 議題, 協議事項, アジェンダ
  • in favour of
  • devolve
    verb /dɪˈvɒlv/
    to (cause power or responsibility to) be given to other people:
    1 《他》 …を委譲[委任]する, 譲り渡す
    2 devolve on / upon / to somebody
    ・ <責任・義務などが> <人>に移る
    ・<財産・お金が> <人>に遺贈される
  • at the expense of
  • step on the toes of
  • remuneration
    noun /rɪˌmjuː.nərˈeɪ.ʃən/
    payment for work or services:
  • tyranny
    noun /ˈtɪr.ən.i/
    ・government by a ruler or small group of people who have unlimited power over the people in their country or state and use it unfairly and cruelly:
    ・a situation in which someone or something controls how you are able to live, in an unfair way:
    1 《C, U》 専制政治, 暴政, 圧政
    2 《U》 (人に対する) 横暴さ, 暴虐さ
    3 the tyranny of something
    4 《C》 横暴な行為
  • insatiable
    adjective /ɪnˈseɪ.ʃə.bəl/
    (especially of a desire or need) too great to be satisfied:
    飽くことを知らない, 強欲な
  • appetite
    noun /ˈæp.ə.taɪt/
    ・ the feeling that you want to eat food:
    ・the feeling of wanting or needing something:
    1 《C, U》 食欲
    2 《C》 欲望, 欲求
  • incentivize
    verb /ɪnˈsen.tɪ.vaɪz/
    to make someone want to do something:
    <人> に動機[刺激]を与える
  • pitched
    adjective /pɪtʃt/
    sloping and not flat:
  • glare
    noun /ɡleər/
    ・a long, angry look:
    ・unpleasantly bright or strong light:
    1 《U, a/the ~》 まぶしい光, ぎらぎらした光
    2 the glare of something
    3 《C》 にらみつけること
  • eroded
    verb /ɪˈrəʊd/
    ・to rub or be rubbed away gradually:
    ・to slowly reduce or destroy something:
    1 a) 《他》 <土地など> を浸食する
    b) 《自》 浸食する
    2 a) 《他》 <権力・自信など> を徐々に損なう, 減じる
    b) 《自》 徐々に損なう, 減じる
  • encompass
    verb /ɪnˈkʌm.pəs/
    to include different types of things:
    1 <考え・話題など> を包含する
    2 <場所などが> …(の範囲)に及ぶ, を含む
  • realignment
    noun /ˌriːəˈlaɪnmənt/ US
    ・the process of changing the way a company or organization works or does business:
    ・the process of changing the value of a currency compared to the value of other currencies or of changes in interest rates:
    1 位置の修正[調整]
    2 (団体・企業などの) 再編(成) 同意 reorganization
    3 (政治における) 協力[連携]体制の乗り換え


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