「Cambridge IELTS 13」Reading Test2-2『Oxytocin』の単語・フレーズ

「Cambridge IELTS 13」Reading Test2-2『Oxytocin』の単語・フレーズ

「Cambridge IELTS 13」Reading Test2-2『Oxytocin』の単語・フレーズをまとめました。

私がIELTS Readingの単語・まとめを行う理由は「Cambridge IELTS Reading単語・フレーズまとめ」からご覧ください。

Reading Test 2 Passage 2:Oxytocin

  • oxytocin
    UK /ˌɒk.sɪˈtəʊ.sɪn/ US /ˌɑːk.sɪˈtoʊ-/
    a hormone that helps with labour (= the process of pushing out a baby) and helps women and female mammals to produce milk
  • hormone
    noun [ C ]
    UK /ˈhɔː.məʊn/ US /ˈhɔːr.moʊn/
    any of various chemicals made by living cells that influence the development, growth, sex, etc. of an animal and are carried around the body in the blood:
  • pituitary / pituitary gland
    noun [ C usually singular ] ANATOMY specialized
    UK /pɪˈtʃuː.ɪ.tər.i ˌɡlænd/ US /pɪˈtuː.ə.ter.i ˌɡlænd/
    a small organ at the base of the brain that controls the growth and activity of the body by producing hormones
  • gland
    noun [ C ]
    UK /ɡlænd/ US /ɡlænd/
    an organ of the body or of a plant that secretes (= produces) liquid chemicals that have various purposes:
  • reinforce
    verb [ T ]
    UK /ˌriː.ɪnˈfɔːs/ US /ˌriː.ɪnˈfɔːrs/
    ・to make something stronger:
    ・If something reinforces an idea or opinion, it provides more proof or support for it and makes it seem true:
    ・to provide an army with more soldiers or weapons to make it stronger:
    1 <論点・意見など> を補強する, <感情など> をさらに強める
    2 <悪い状況など> を助長する
    3 <建造物・衣類など> を補強する
    4 <軍隊> を増強する
  • prairie
    noun [ C or U ]
    UK /ˈpreə.ri/ US /ˈprer.i/
    a wide area of flat land without trees in Canada and the northern US
  • motherly
    adjective usually approving
    UK /ˈmʌð.əl.i/ US /ˈmʌð.ɚ.li/
    A motherly woman treats other people with a lot of kindness and love and tries to make certain they are happy.
    母親の[らしい], 母性の
  • sniff
    UK /snɪf/ US /snɪf/
    ・to smell something by taking air in through your nose:
    ・to take air in quickly through your nose, usually to stop the liquid inside the nose from flowing out:
    ・to speak in an unpleasant way, showing that you have a low opinion of something:
    1 《自》 鼻をすする
    2 a) 《自》 においをかぐ, <犬などが> 鼻をクンクンさせる
    b) 《他》 …のにおいをかぐ
    同意 smell
    3 《他》 …と鼻であしらう, ばかにする
    4 a) 《他》 <麻薬など> を鼻から吸う
    b) 《自》 麻薬[シンナー]を鼻から吸う→ snort
  • revise
    UK /rɪˈvaɪz/ US /rɪˈvaɪz/
    ・to look at or consider again an idea, piece of writing, etc. in order to correct or improve it:
    ・to study again something you have already learned, in preparation for an exam:
    1 《他》 <計画・価格など> を変更する, 修正する
    2 《他》 <書いたもの> を訂正[修正]する, 改訂する
    3 英 a) 《他》 <学課など> を復習する b) 《自》 復習する
    同意 review 米
  • wholly
    UK /ˈhəʊ US /ˈhoʊ
    〘フォーマル〙 まったく, 完全に
  • groundbreaking
    UK /ˈɡraʊndˌbreɪ.kɪŋ/ US /ˈɡraʊndˌbreɪ.kɪŋ/
    If something is groundbreaking, it is very new and a big change from other things of its type:
    (科学・芸術などが) 草分け的な, 革新的な
  • nasal
    UK /ˈneɪ.zəl/ US /ˈneɪ.zəl/
    related to the nose:
    1 鼻の
    2 <声・音などが> 鼻にかかった
    3 〘専門〙 (音声学で) 鼻音の
  • placebo
    noun [ C ]
    UK /pləˈsiː.bəʊ/ US /pləˈsiː.boʊ/
    ・a substance given to someone who is told that it is a particular medicine, either to make that person feel as if they are getting better or to compare the effect of the particular medicine when given to others:
    ・something that is given to try to satisfy a person who has not been given the thing they really want:
    1 (新薬テストなどの) 偽薬, プラシーボ
    2 気休め
  • lonesome
    adjective US
    UK /ˈləʊn.səm/ US /ˈloʊn.səm/
    → lonely
    by/on your lonesome
    1 (話し相手がいなくて) 寂しい, 孤独な 同意 lonely→ alone
    2 <歌・雰囲気などが> 人を寂しくさせる, 寂しげな
    同意 lonely
    3 人里離れた 同意 lonely
  • constructively
    UK /kənˈstrʌk.tɪv/ US /kənˈstrʌk.tɪv/
    If advice, criticism, or actions are constructive, they are useful and intended to help or improve something:
  • fuel
    UK /ˈfjuː.əl/ US /ˈfjuː.əl/
    ・a substance that is used to provide heat or power, usually by being burned:
    ・anything that keeps people’s ideas or feelings active, or makes them stronger:
    1 《C, U》 燃料
    2 《U》 (議論などを) たきつけるもの
  • inhale
    UK /ɪnˈheɪl/ US /ɪnˈheɪl/
    to breathe air, smoke, or gas into your lungs:
    a) 《他》 <空気・煙・ガス> を吸い込む, 吸入する b) 《自》 吸い込む 反意 exhale
  • administer
    UK /ədˈmɪn.ɪ.stər/ US /ədˈmɪn.ə.stɚ/
    ・to control the operation or arrangement of something:
    ・to govern a country, region, etc.:
    1 《他》 …を管理する, 運営する, 統治する
    2 a) 《他》 administer something to somebody
    <…>を<人>に施す, 実施する
    b) 《自》 administer to somebody’s needs
    3 《他》 〘フォーマル〙 <薬など> を投与する, 塗布する
    administer something to somebody
  • disposition
    UK /ˌdɪs.pəˈzɪʃ.ən/ US /ˌdɪs.pəˈzɪʃ.ən/
    ・the particular type of character that a person naturally has:
    ・a natural tendency to do something, or to have or develop something:
    1 《C通例単数形で》 (人の) 気質, 性格, 性分
    2 《常に単数形で》 (行動の) 傾向
    3 《U》 〘フォーマル〙 (資産などの) 売却, 処分, 譲渡
    同意 disposal
    4 《U》 〘フォーマル〙 (問題などの) 処理, 扱い方
    5 《C通例単数形で》 〘フォーマル〙 配置, 配列, 配備
  • vary
    verb [ I or T ]
    UK /ˈveə.ri/ US /ˈver.i/
    ・If things of the same type vary, they are different from each other, and if you vary them, you cause them to be different from each other:
    ・to change or cause something to change in amount or level, especially from one occasion to another:
    1 《自》 (同類の物の間で) さまざまである, 異なる
    • Estimates of the size of the population vary.
    vary considerably / greatly / widely
    • The content of the courses varies widely.
    vary according to something / depending on something
    • Ticket prices to New York vary, depending on the time of year.
    vary from something to something
    1 <…>によって異なる
    2 《他》 …に変化をつける
  • favouritism
    noun [ U ] UK disapproving (US favoritism)
    UK /ˈfeɪ.vər.ɪ.tɪ.zəm/ US /ˈfeɪ.vər.ə.tɪ.zəm/
    unfair support shown to one person or group, especially by someone in authority:
    えこひいき, 偏愛
  • goodwill
    UK /ɡʊdˈwɪl/ US /ɡʊdˈwɪl/
    ・friendly and helpful feelings:
    ・part of a company’s value that includes things that cannot be directly measured, for example, its good reputation or its customers’ loyalty:
    1 善意, 親善
    2 (商売上の) 信頼, (企業と顧客の) 信頼関係
  • nuanced
    UK /ˈnjuː.ɑːnst/ US /ˈnuː.ɑːnst/
    made slightly different in appearance, meaning, sound, etc.:
    (表現・意味・色彩などの) 微妙な違い, ニュアンス
  • propel
    verb [ T ]
    UK /prəˈpel/ US /prəˈpel/
    ・to push or move something somewhere, often with a lot of force:
    ・to cause someone to do an activity or be in a situation:
    1 …を推進する, 前進させる
    → propulsion
    2 《always + adverb/preposition》 〘書き言葉〙 (ある方向に) <人> を(押し[突き])動かす
    3 <人> を駆り立てる, 促す
  • pinpoint
    verb [ T ]
    UK /ˈpɪn.pɔɪnt/ US /ˈpɪn.pɔɪnt/
    ・to find out or say the exact position in space or time of something:
    ・to discover or describe the exact facts about something:
    1 <問題・原因など> を特定する, 突き止める
    2 <位置> を特定する
    3 <時> を特定する
  • seek sb/sth out
    — phrasal verb with seek verb formal
    UK /siːk/ US /siːk/
    to look for someone or something, especially for a long time until you find him, her, or it:
  • spotlight
    noun [ C ]
    UK /ˈspɒt.laɪt/ US /ˈspɑːt.laɪt/
    a lamp whose beam can be directed, or a circle of light produced by such a lamp
    1 the spotlight (新聞・テレビなどでの) 脚光, スポットライト
    2 《C》 (野外・舞台などの) スポットライト
    3 《常に単数形で》 スポットライト(の光)
  • shine in / on something
    <光が> <…>に強く当たる, まぶしい
  • posture
    UK /ˈpɒs.tʃər/ US /ˈpɑːs.tʃɚ/
    ・the way in which someone usually holds their shoulders, neck, and back, or a particular position in which someone stands, sits, etc.:
    ・a way in which a government or other organization thinks about and/or deals with a particular matter:
    1 《C, U》 姿勢
    2 《C通例単数形で》 態度, (精神的な) 姿勢
  • flicker
    UK /ˈflɪk.ər/ US /ˈflɪk.ɚ/
    ・to shine with a light that is sometimes bright and sometimes weak:
    I felt a cold draft and the candle started to flicker.
    ・to appear for a short time or to make a sudden movement:
    1 <炎・光などが> 揺らめく, 明滅する, ちらちらする
    2 《always+ adverb/preposition》 〘書き言葉〙 <感情・表情などが> (顔・目に) ちらっと浮かぶ, <考え・思い出などが> (頭を) よぎる
    3 ぴくっと動く, 小刻みに動く
  • attuned
    adjective [ after verb ]
    ・able to understand or recognize something:
    ・able to understand or recognize a particular sound:
    attuned to something
    1 <考え・行動など>を敏感に察知できる
    2 <危険>を敏感に察知できる, <音など>を容易に感知できる
  • prone
    be prone to sth/do sth
    likely to suffer from an illness or show a particular negative characteristic:
    1 prone to something
    <望ましくないことなど>をしがちな, しやすい, になりやすい
    2 〘フォーマル〙 うつぶせになった
  • interpret
    UK /ɪnˈtɜː.prɪt/ US /-ˈtɝː-/
    ・to decide what the intended meaning of something is:
    ・to express your own ideas about the intended meaning of a play or a piece of music when performing it:
    ・to change what someone is saying into another language:
    1 a) 《自》 通訳する
    b) 《他》 <言葉> を通訳する→ translate
    2 《他》 <人の行動・出来事など> を解釈する
    3 《他》 <夢・物語など> を解釈する
    4 《他》 <劇・音楽など> を独自の解釈に基づいて演じる[演奏する]
  • perplexing
    UK /pəˈplek.sɪŋ/ US /pɚˈplek.sɪŋ/
    confusing, often because you do not know how to solve something:
    困惑させる(ような), 理解に苦しむ
    同意 puzzling
  • molecule
    noun [ C ]
    UK /ˈmɒl.ɪ.kjuːl/ US /ˈmɑː.lɪ.kjuːl/
    the simplest unit of a chemical substance, usually a group of two or more atoms
  • co-opt
    verb [ T ]
    UK /kəʊˈɒpt/ US /koʊˈɑːpt/
    ・(of an elected group) to make someone a member through the choice of the present members:
    ・to include someone in something, often against their will:
    ・to use someone else’s ideas:
    1 米 〘けなして〙 <他人の成果・考えなど> を横取りする, 利用する
    2 <人> を手伝わせる
    3 英 <新会員など> を選任する
  • primitive
    UK /ˈprɪm.ɪ.tɪv/ US /ˈprɪm.ə.t̬ɪv/
    ・relating to human society at a very early stage of development, with people living in a simple way without machines or a writing system:
    ・Primitive living conditions are basic, unpleasant, and uncomfortable:
    1 未開の
    2 原始(時代)の, 最初期の
    3 <設備・状況などが> 原始的な, 旧式の
    4 <感情・欲求などが> 根源的な
  • amygdala
    noun [ C ] ANATOMY specialized
    UK /əˈmɪɡ.də.lə/ US /əˈmɪɡ.də.lə/
    one of two parts of the brain that affect how people feel emotions, especially fear and pleasure
  • manifest
    verb [ T ] formal
    UK /ˈmæn.ɪ.fest/ US /ˈmæn.ə.fest/
    to show something clearly, through signs or actions:
    1 <感情・態度など> を表明する
    2 manifest itself
    <問題・症状などが> 現れる, 目に見えてくる


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